Triads, pentads and classic presentations (part 6)

This week, The Weekly Menmonic presents triads galore.

Mackler’s triad for Boerhaave syndrome (rupture of the esophageal wall):

(1) Lower chest pain, (2) Subcutaneous emphysema, (3) Emesis

Classic triad of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm:

(1) Abdominal pain, (2) Pulsatile abdominal mass, (3) Hypotension

Classic triad for acute mesenteric ischemia:

(1) Acute onset of abdominal pain which is classically out of proportion to the physical exam, (2) Vomiting and/or diarrhea, (3)  History of atrial fibrillation or heart disease



Happy studying….

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