Pericardial effusion

There are two triads to know for pericardial effusion and/or tamponade: Beck’s triad for the clinical diagnosis of tamponade and a classic triad found on EKG.

Beck’s triad: 1) Elevated JVP 2) Distant heart sounds 3) hypotension

EKG findings for pericardial effusion: 1) Low voltage 2) Tachycardia 3) Electrical alternans (variation of QRS amplitude between beats secondary to a swinging heart in the fluid-filled pericardial space)

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Time flies! It is practically summer out there. Have a wonderful week!

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